a. the United States should stay out of Europe’s internal affairs.
b. the United States should cease trading with Latin America.
c. international amity was the key to ending the Depression.
d. free trade was necessary for America’s domestic prosperity.
a. American military officials believed it was Stalin’s job to address the issue.
b. The American public and its officials believed the reports were exaggerated.
c. Stalin threatened to withdraw from the fight against Germany if the United States addressed the issue.
d. The United States did not believe it was fighting the war to protect human rights.
a. postwar self-determination for the people of Eastern Europe.
b. Allied support for Mao Zedong as the leader of China.
c. strengthening the League of Nations.
d. plans to prosecute Adolf Hitler for international war crimes
a. because it wanted to kill as many Japanese civilians as possible.
b. because the first bomb did not lead to a Japanese surrender to the United States.
c. to demonstrate America’s power to Chinese Communists and stop their aggression.
d. because Nagasaki was the center of Japan’s wartime military and government operations.
a. To end the Great Depression in the United States and Europe
b. To prevent increasing American involvement in European affairs
c. To encourage the aggression of German and Japanese militarists in Europe and the Pacific
d. To stop German and Japanese aggression in Europe and the Pacific
a. To lend France enough money to defeat the Germans
b. To make arms, munitions, and other supplies available to Britain
c. To lend large sums of money to Latin American countries
d. To give arms, munitions, and supplies to Canada
a. He appealed to Americans’ fiscal conservatism and pro-business ethos.
b. He appealed to Americans’ long-held belief that the nation should avoid alliances with European powers.
c. He cited the need to defend democracy and human rights around the world.
d. He chastised Americans for the isolationism in the 1920s and 1930s and illustrated its consequences.
a. They were largely uninterested in serving in the armed forces.
b. The government discouraged them from serving in the armed forces.
c. They fought in large numbers in the armed forces despite discriminatory treatment.
d. They were barred from serving in the armed forces during the first two years of the war.
a. They agreed to disband temporarily in order to focus on production.
b. They demanded increases in overtime pay for the duration of the war.
c. They volunteered to enlist one-half of their workers in the armed forces.
d. They granted the government’s request that they pledge not to strike.
a. the Japanese force in the Pacific was almost unbeatable.
b. the current Japanese strategy was working.
c. the war in the Pacific was ending.
d. Japanese domination of the Pacific was weakening.
a. announced that Germany, when it lost the war, would again be forced to pay reparations.
b. vowed that they would soon open a second front in Russia.
c. announced that they would accept nothing less than the unconditional surrender of Germany and Italy.
d. decided not to launch a significant attack anywhere in the Mediterranean region.
a. Truman was viewed as a civil rights activist.
b. Roosevelt believed that many Americans had soured on liberal reform.
c. Truman came from New York and would appeal to urban Democrats.
d. Roosevelt believed Truman would appeal to progressive labor leaders.